Bash Open Questions
If you want to help with the BashFAQ, you could try to answer one of the following questions. Just answer it, copy it to a new subpage of the BashFAQ page (e.g. BashFAQ/101), and remove the question here.
- How can I redirect the output of the script to both standard output and a log file?
- Duplicating fds is not sufficient, because it duplicates the file descriptor number, not the data.
But you can still use tee: exec > >(tee log)
- Somewhere the content of variables in my script lose whitespace.
echo "$var" - quoting. See BashPitfalls for more.
- How can I make bash set the xterm title to the command it is currently executing?
- This can't be done in any straightforward manner because there's no hook in Bash to execute arbitrary code after a user presses Enter but before a command is executed. The DEBUG trap is triggered after each command, and the PS1 variable is triggered when a prompt is displayed, which is also after the command, rather than before.
In bash 4, the DEBUG trap is triggered before every command, according to help trap. This is a change from bash 3. So this should be possible in bash 4. Someone just needs to write it up....
- How to determine Yesterday's date?
- date -d'yesterday' # GNU date (sufficiently new versions)
- date -d '1 day ago' # GNU date (all versions I have available to test)
- date -r $(( $(date +%s) - 86400 )) # OpenBSD date
- How can I redirect file names using sequential numbers to avoid overwriting existing ones?
- mv --backup=numbered # requires GNU mv
- How can I set the output of a command to a variable without executing a subshell (i.e. $() ) or writing to a file and reading it back?
Commands in a process substitution ( >(cmd) or <(cmd) ) are definitely run in a subshell (or rather a full-blown background process). I'm not sure I understand what this question is really asking. Maybe it's related to FAQ 84.
Creating temporary files securely and portably (BashFAQ/062 has a partial answer)