Differences between revisions 13 and 14
Revision 13 as of 2013-01-03 21:27:17
Size: 1550
Editor: ormaaj
Comment: Function is broken. It doesn't really do what you want anyway (compare against patterns)
Revision 14 as of 2013-01-14 22:03:43
Size: 1555
Editor: ormaaj
Comment: Stupid mksh. Why the does shift throw fatal errors when POSIX doesn't require it to?!? Add "command" workaround (POSIX doesn't require that either, but it works everywhere except mksh).
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 23: Line 23:
    # bash/ksh/mksh/zsh (w/ emulate ksh)     # bash/ksh93/zsh (w/ emulate ksh)
Line 28: Line 28:
        while shift; do         while command shift; do

I want to check if [[ $var == foo || $var == bar || $var == more ]] without repeating $var n times.

The portable solution uses case:

   # Bourne
   case "$var" in
      foo|bar|more) ... ;;

In Bash and ksh, Extended globs can also do this within a [[ command:

   # bash/ksh
   ${BASH_VERSION+shopt -s extglob}
   if [[ $var == @(foo|bar|more) ]]; then

Alternatively, you may loop over a list of patterns, checking each individually.

    # bash/ksh93/zsh (w/ emulate ksh)

    # usage: pmatch string pattern [ pattern ... ]
    function pmatch {
        ${1+typeset x=}"${1-false}" &&
        while command shift; do
            [[ $x == $1 ]] && return
        done 2>/dev/null
        return 1

    var='foo bar'
    if pmatch "$var" foo bar baz foo\* blarg; then
        : ...

For logical conjunction (return true if $var matches all patterns), ksh93 can use the & pattern delimiter.

    # ksh93 only
    [[ $var == @(foo&bar&more) ]] && ...

For shells that support only the ksh88 subset (extglob patterns), you may DeMorganify the logic using the negation sub-pattern operator.

    # bash/ksh88/etc...
    ${BASH_VERSION+shopt -s extglob}
    [[ $var == !(!(foo)|!(bar)|!(more)) ]] && ...

But this is quite unclear and not much shorter than just writing out separate expressions for each pattern.


BashFAQ/066 (last edited 2015-06-20 07:58:04 by ormaaj)